By National Development Agency of Mongolia
The National Development Agency (NDA) has been mandated to develop a mid-term policy for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goads (SDGs) also known as the Global Goals. Within this framework NDA is working in parallel in two directions. One, to develop a methodology of assessing and evaluating the valid policy documents on implementing the sustainable development agenda and conduct the relevant monitoring and evaluation to determine the benchmark. Two, NDA is working to match the sustainable development agenda with the objectives outlined in Mongolia’s 2030 Sustainable Development Vision.
1. Assessing and evaluating policy documents and setting the benchmark:
The State Ikh Khural (Parliament) of Mongolia passed resolutions (in 2015 and 2016) instructing the Government to monitor and evaluate the valid policy documents adopted both by the Parliament and the Government.
NDA, with the objective of implementing these resolutions, has reviewed development-related policy documents that were adopted both by the Parliament and the Government since 1990, and which are valid and effective today, and has drawn up a preliminary list of these policy documents.
The State Ikh Khural and the Government, between the period from 1990 to 2017, had adopted a total of 412 policy documents, of which 126 continue to remain in force and are effective today.
The National Development Agency is engaged in monitoring and evaluating these policy documents using an integrated method, and determining the benchmark, at the national level, for the implementation of the objectives outlined in the Global Goals and the country’s 2030 Sustainable Development Vision.
As a result, in the initial period, it would be possible to determine whether the Global Goals and the country’s 2030 Sustainable Development Vision are compatible with each other or not from the stand point of their substance and objectives, and from the standpoint of their design and structure, we will determine if these documents are compatible with the laws on development policy planning or not.
Proceeding from this premise, it would be possible to make null and void those policy documents that are no longer significant, and to review and renew those policy documents that are not fully consonant with these laws.
NDA is carrying out the monitoring and evaluation work with the technical support of the UN Development Program (UNDP).
2. Mid-term development model for the implementation of Mongolia’s Sustainable Development Vision:
A long-term development policy document called “Mongolia’s 2030 Sustainable Development Vision” was adopted on 5 February 2016 by a Parliament Resolution 19. The resolution has instructed the Government to implement, stage-by-stage, the sustainable development vision by reflecting them in the mid- and long-term development policy documents by way of ensuring their inter-relationship.
Accordingly, the National Development Agency set out to draw up a mid-term development model designed at ensuring and strengthening better interrelationship between Mongolia’s 2030 Sustainable Development Vision and mid-term policy.
The determination of Mongolia’s mid-term development model will require the determination of priority productivity sectors and projects, and the formulation of a supportive and all-embracing infrastructure, social and environment policy. Furthermore, this effort will require the determination of the structure and legal environment of the institutes that will implement these policies.
A next step would be the development of a mid-term planning model which would clearly outline measures and actions for the implementation of each and every sustainable development objective, and define the key indicators and the expected outcome for each of them. This, in its turn, would form the model for monitoring and evaluation, and an important benchmark for monitoring the implementation status.
The development model being suggested by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific would be applied in ensuring inter-sectoral coordination, and defining the constructive modes and alternatives for the implementation of the sustainable development vision.
The next stage in the process is planned to be the development of a National Investment Program based on the mid-term plan. In the past, the development of the investment program was a bottom up process under which proposals and suggestions from the sectoral ministries were consolidated but now the top-bottom principle will be given priority. This would help implement policy goals and objectives more than simply investment projects and programs.
The National Development Agency is presently engaged in developing a Zonal Development Policy designed at regulating the movement of the population on the basis of a better utilization of natural and agricultural resources, promoting decentralization, closing the development gap between the aimags and local regions, and accelerating the country’s socio-economic development rate. Basing on this policy, Mongolia’s socio-economic development for the next 8-10 years will be determined within the regional framework. In other words, the mid-term program of implementing the sustainable development vision will be compatible with the mid-term goals of regional development policy.
In this manner, the National Development Agency is working to provide leadership and manage the process of ensuring compatibility of Mongolia’s 2030 Sustainable Development Vision with the Global Sustainable Development Goals, developing a mid-term policy of accomplishing these goals, and providing relevant guidance and strengthening the capacity for this purpose.