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Nation 2017 – Events in 2017 that shaped the future of nation


Khaltmaa  Battulag, President of Mongolia has indicated that he plans to reinstate capital punishment in the country.
In October the President revealed that a panel of lawyers has been set up to reinstate the death sentence.
“Lawyers and researchers are saying that there were a number of instances when a person was sentenced to death under the Great Yassa (a law passed under Chinggis Khan. TMO). For instance, a person who washed clothes in a running river was meted out this sentence and traitors were condemned to death,” notes the official website of the President of Mongolia.
In November, the President reiterated his commitment to reinstate capital punishment addressing an open discussion held in the Government House at the President’s initiative which focused on issue of streamlining state policy on protecting children and women from violence, and improving public scrutiny and participation.
“Since the time when Mongolia announced that it was abolishing death penalty, the number of grim and atrocious crime serious increased drastically,” said President Kh. Battulag at an open discussion held at his initiative in the Government House.
The President also announced that he has submitted to the Justice and Home Affairs Minister Ts. Nyamdorj an official memo proposing the reinstatement of the capital punishment against those who are guilty of savage torture, abuse and violence and murder of minors. The President said that should the Ministry of Justice come back with a response, that could be tabled for consideration in the Parliament.
Referring to his memo to the Justice Ministry, the President said that “according to a National Human Rights Commission report even infants aged 1 to 4 have been raped. The report revealed that last year 298 children aged from 2 to 7 were victims of sexual assault. Last year 1,613 mothers aged from 12 to 17 had given birth, and 1,668 mothers under the age of 20 had undergone abortion, which is a clear evidence that behind these figures are hidden cases of unwanted pregnancy and sexual violence against children.”
The President said that growing number of people have been approaching him with suggestions to reinstate capital punishment, demanding more severe punishment for perpetrators of rape against minor children, and to condemn to death those who are guilt of such heinous crimes.
“While I am the President I will not pardon anyone who is guilty of this kind of crime,” he warned and noted that “according to my belief, it was a mistake for Mongolia to ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty,” in December 2012.
The President indicated that the “present situation of the Mongolian society, and the present state of unemployment and poverty in connection with the criminal circumstances, the ratification was not a timely decision.”
Capital punishment continues to be in force in 58 countries around the world such as Japan and the United States “two industrialized countries from whom we want to learn and follow,” President Battulag said.
He said that calls are spreading across the world branding capital punishment as “inhumane,” and asked “But I would like to suggest that through the social and other means, we must conduct an opinion poll whether those criminals, who torture and murder helpless children of minor age have the right to life?”
Up until 2012 Mongolia passed death sentence for serious crimes such as the raping of minor children and for serious manslaughter, but the death sentence was upheld after 2012. Subsequently, punishment by death was official removed from the newly amended Penal Code which was passed by the Parliament in December 2015 and which came into force effective 1 July 2017.

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